March 3, 1865: Freedmen’s Bureau created

Today In African-American History:

March 3, 1865: Freedmen’s Bureau created

On this day in 1865, President Abraham Lincoln signs a bill creating the Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands. Known as the Freedmen’s Bureau, this federal agency oversaw the difficult transition of African Americans from slavery to freedom.

The Freedmen’s Bureau, born out of abolitionist concern for freed slaves, was headed by Union General Oliver O. Howard for the entire seven years of its existence. The bureau was given power to dispense relief to both white and black refugees in the South, provide medical care and education, and redistribute “abandoned” lands to former slaves. The latter task was probably the most effective measure to ensure the prosperity and security of the freedmen, but it was also extremely difficult to enact.

Although the Freedmen’s Bureau was not able to provide long-term protection for blacks, nor did it ensure any real measure of equality, it did signal the introduction of the federal government into issues of social welfare and labor relations.

The Freedmen Records can be a great resource for genealogists.

Nichelle

Anna Mae Oldest Grandbaby

Advertisements

Author: nichellemhayes

I am a part-time blogger and a full time observer of people and culture. I have been researching my family history for over 20 years. I previously served as President and President-Elect (Vice-President) of one the local genealogy groups. I’ve conducted genealogy lectures and training's for corporate organizations and family history centers. I have researched my maternal and paternal sides going back 7 generations. With all that work, there is still more to discover. My genealogical goals for 2014 are to submit to libraries and history centers, family history books covering several of my family lines. I am available for consultation.

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s